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Xubuntu 14.04 LTS 轻体验

2014年04月21日 系统评测 阅读 67,507 views 次

最近几日,Ubuntu 14.04 LTS 的发布掀起了一阵狂欢,一时间各路“喜新厌旧”的基友们纷纷开始了新一轮的换系统行动,各色 Linux 网路媒体也争先恐后推出“要做的xx件事”之类的文章指南,好不热闹!

朋友认为薄荷开源网小编最近也会有的忙了。说实在的,小编非常认同、赞许 Ubuntu 在 Linux 桌面系统易用性和宣传推广方面所做的努力,但个人并不喜欢 Unity,因为它实在不适合 PC 操作。当然,这个容易引起口水仗的话题不必深究,萝卜白菜各有所爱。

凑个热闹,小编也来一篇 Ubuntu 14.04 的文章,但主角是 Xubuntu 14.04。

Xubuntu 是 Ubuntu 官方认可的衍生版,从命名即可看出其所使用的桌面环境:Xubuntu 就是 XFCE+Ubuntu,以此推之,Lubuntu 就是 LXDE+Ubuntu,Kubuntu 就是 KDE+Ubuntu。关于 XFCE 的系统体验,朋友们可以从旧文《精灵小鼠弟:LinuxMint 16 XFCE一见钟情》中感受一下。今天要稍稍体验一下的是 Xubuntu 14.04。

Xubuntu 14.04 的安装与 Ubuntu/Linux Mint 并无二致,都是非常简单的,也就不再重复。安装完毕,进入桌面,如图所示。第一印象还算不错,配色方面显得清新许多,而且不再是上下两栏面板了,去掉了底部的类似 Dock 的面板,只保留传统的上面板。
01-xubuntu-1404-review

默认搭载了 Whisker Menu 主菜单。这个本来是第三方开发的 XFCE 下的一个扩展程序,现在可能已经被 XFCE 官方吸收了吧。不得不说,这个 Whisker Menu 主菜单确实做的不错,既符合传统的使用习惯,也具有一定新意。小编此前在用 Xubuntu 12.04 时就必装!
02-xubuntu-1404-review

打开主目录看看,默认的主题还是蓝色的 Greybird,不过用过 Xubuntu 12.04 的会发现:14.04 亮丽多了,不再是灰头土脸的感觉了,无论是图标还是窗口控件。
03-xubuntu-1404-review

更完善的设置中心。此前的设置中心里只有主题、桌面、屏保等用户个人首选项,并没有系统设置方面的入口。而今,绝大多数的设置都可以在此完成,而且整合的非常好。
04-xubuntu-1404-review

全新的壁纸,与原版 Ubuntu 14.04 不一样吧,还算比较养眼。
05-xubuntu-1404-review

近日有朋友在微博上问小编:Xubuntu 和原版 Ubuntu有啥区别。简单地说,二者的基础系统是一样的,软件是通用的;只是桌面环境不同,搭载的部分软件不同。比如原版 Ubuntu 使用 gedit 文本编辑器,Xubuntu 则使用 leafpad 或者 Mousepad。比如多媒体类,原版 Ubuntu 搭载的是 Totem 电影播放器和 rhythmbox 音乐播放器。而 Xubuntu 搭载的确是 Parole 和 gmusicbrower。如图所示,这个 gmusicbrower 还真是百变星君,可以直接变化成其他前辈播放器的样子。
06-xubuntu-1404-review

刚刚发布的系统,基本上软件都是最新的稳定版,firefox 火狐浏览器是 28.0。
07-xubuntu-1404-review

传统的观念认为,XFCE 属于轻量级的桌面环境。虽然今天她已不再“苗条”,但搭载的软件还是轻量级的为主。如图,Xubuntu 14.04 搭载的办公软件是 Abiword,而非 Libreoffice。在暂时没有安装 WPS 的时候,这个 Abiword 用于应急还是可以的。
08-xubuntu-1404-review

Xubuntu 14.04 搭载的电子表格软件是 Gnumeric。如图所示,用它打开一个之前使用 WPS 制作的 xls 文件,效果还不错,没有走样。这一点倒是令小编感到小惊喜。
09-xubuntu-1404-review

软件中心,这个和原版 Ubuntu 是一样的。
10-xubuntu-1404-review

终端。Xubuntu 14.04 可以很方便地为终端设置透明背景。
11-xubuntu-1404-review

右键点击 Whisker Menu 主菜单,在“属性”中可以设置显示方式和名称。小编在此提示:在电脑使用中,要多用、善用鼠标右键。这也算是小编的一点经验吧。以图可见,Whisker Menu 的中文化还很欠缺啊。
12-xubuntu-1404-review

菜单编辑器。这个做的不错,比 Xubuntu 12.04 大有进步,可以非常方便地调整顺序、编辑、添加、删除程序启动器。
13-xubuntu-1404-review

面板默认位于屏幕顶部,可以解锁(善用右键)后,按住面板两端,拖动到底部来。
14-xubuntu-1404-review

在面板首选项中(善用右键)添加、移除面板上的程序,还可以调整排列顺序。
15-xubuntu-1404-review

体验到最后,小编要狠狠吐槽的:Xubuntu 14.04 在点击注销后,屏幕消失,只留下一个鼠标箭头,既无法重新显示登录窗口,也无法通过按 Ctrl+Alt+Backspace 来杀死并重启 X,只能按 Ctrl+Alt+F1 切换到控制台,再重启电脑。由于本次只是轻体验一番 Xubuntu 14.04,蜻蜓点水,也就没有深入探究其问题所在了,留待下回吧。

33 条留言  访客:33 条  博主:0 条

  1. avatar Littlehans

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    • avatar 薄荷叶

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    • avatar 还魂草

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  8. avatar 吞噬

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    • avatar 薄荷叶

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      • avatar 吞噬

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        • avatar 还魂草

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          • avatar 吞噬

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      • avatar 还魂草

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  12. avatar 科技小玩意儿

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  14. avatar 无聊男

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  15. avatar 无聊男

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    • avatar 还魂草

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      • avatar 无聊男

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