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得心应手:Linux Mint 16 安装后的 5 个设置

2013年12月02日 软件技巧 阅读 80,082 views 次

Linux Mint 16 正式版终于发布了,它是基于 Ubuntu 13.10 的最新的 Linux Mint 发行版,代号为 Petra。Linux Mint 16最大的新意在于搭载了日臻完善的 Cinnamon 2.0 桌面环境,Cinnamon 2.0 外观更漂亮、性能更优良、布局更协调,中文化更完善了(话说其中有薄荷开源网站长还魂草的功劳哦)。了解更多 Linux Mint 16的新鲜之处,请参阅《LinuxMint 16 RC版抢鲜看》

据小编多方查找资料了解,Cinnamon 2.0 已经完全独立于 Gnome 了,其自身的文件管理器、控制中心、一系列设置工具等都自成一派了,而且较为完善了。这绝对是值得长期使用的版本!

了解了 Linux Mint 16的新鲜,今天,薄荷开源网小编要介绍的是 Linux Mint 16 安装之后必做的设置,以期为朋友们减少曲折、更好地使用这个优秀的操作系统。

一、软件源设置
这个是老生常谈的问题了。基本上绝大多数发行版在安装之后第一件事就是设置合适的软件源。薄荷开源网小编一直力推的 Linux Mint 软件源组合就是 台湾NCHC+网易163。Linux Mint 15开始就搭载了一个非常便捷的软件源设置工具,不再需要手动使用管理员权限编辑配置文件了。Linux Mint 16 中,软件源设置工具更见完善、成熟了。如图,鼠标点点,即可完成软件源设置。

二、中文语言支持
中文语言支持,光靠“语言支持”工具自动识别、安装的软件包并不总是能把系统正确地“汉化”,这个问题在 Ubuntu 的衍生版上比较常见,比如 Pinguy OS、Zorin OS、Pear OS 等,Linux Mint 也偶有出现。其实也不是什么问题,只需要在“语言支持”中手动添加,勾选简体中文,确定之后,“语言支持”会自动下载正确的中文语言包,完成中文化。

三、fcitx 搜狗拼音输入法
毫无疑问,Linux 下最好的中文输入法当属 fcitx(小企鹅输入法),在其搜狗拼音组件发布后其地位更是如日中天。以前小编对 openSUSE 并不太了解,近期把玩了一番,很欣喜地发现其搭载的输入法就是 fcitx,而且那款皮肤不错哦。小编趁机提取出来,在 Linux Mint 下使用。
没有例外,在 Linux Mint 16 下安装 fcitx+搜狗,仍旧使用如下 PPA:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fcitx-team/nightly
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install fcitx fcitx-sogoupinyin fcitx-table-wubi

不过,有朋友反映,fcitx 安装后无法启动,在终端中启动 fcitx,查看一下哪里出错了:无可用前端。

还是依赖的问题,在终端中安装如下2个软件包,即可解决问题:
sudo apt-get install fcitx-frontend-gtk3 fcitx-ui-classic

这不,小企鹅在 LibreOffice 下跑的可欢了。

四、中文字体发虚
还是一个老生常谈的问题。Linux Mint 和 Ubuntu 及其衍生版用户都可以参照此法解决问题。从 Ubuntu 12.04 开始,系统使用中文字体的第一选择是“文泉驿正黑”,文泉驿正黑字体在较小字号下,有点发虚、模糊。在 Linux Mint 13 中,由于系统中已有正确的字体配置文件,所以小编采取的是静态链接的方法解决问题。参阅《解决LinuxMint/Ubuntu中文字体发虚的根本之道》

在 Linux Mint 16 中,需要稍事修改一个中文字体配置文件 /etc/fonts/conf.avail/69-language-selector-zh-cn.conf。其实原理很简单,系统已经安装了文泉驿微米黑字体,就是把文泉驿微米黑字体排在最前,代替文泉驿正黑,作为首选字体,并且设置“binding="strong"”即可(有三处需要修改)。

修改后,再仔细观察一下,字体不再发虚了,完美解决问题!

薄荷开源网小编为修改好的配置文件提供下载:69-language-selector-zh-cn.conf下载

五、Cinnamon 渲染模式
Linux Mint 16 安装后,可能会有一个桌面提示,告知用户当前 Cinnamon 正在使用软件渲染方式运行。通俗地讲,Cinnamon 桌面环境对显卡有一定要求,需要具有基本的硬件加速功能。这也就是为何在Virtualbox 虚拟机中运行 Cinnamon 会出错或者只能显示类似于“安全模式”的简陋界面的原因。

其实在 Linux 中常见硬件驱动都已经自带了,NV 和 AMD 的开源驱动也还做的不错。对于 Cinnamon 软件渲染运行方式的问题,我们只需在登录界面中选择正常模式即可。

更多关于 Linux Mint 的使用、配置技巧,小编不再赘述,新手朋友们可以在薄荷开源网搜罗一番,相信会有收获的。其实 Linux Mint 16 本版最大的亮点就是 Cinnamon 2.0。其不但在功能上越来越有青出于蓝的特质,也越来越趋于成熟、完善。btw,Cinnamon 2.0 的中文化也有薄荷开源网站长还魂草的一点小贡献。Enjoy it !

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